Salzburg is considered to be one of the most beautiful cities in Europe, due to it’s architecture and magnificent setting. Unsurprisingly, the city was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997. Besides the stunning surrounding nature and history, countless attractions in Salzburg guarantee a diverting and enjoyable holiday in the city.
The Old Town or Historic Centre of the city consists of a number of medieval and baroque style buildings. A highlight of the Old Town are the passages also known as „Durchhäuser“. The best known street in this part of town is Getreidegasse which is lined with old merchant homes as old as from the 15th century. Furthermore the street is known for its Nowadays the Getreidegasse is a busy pedestrian area housing major high street retailers in the historical buildings. The historical looking metal signs create a special athmosphere walking down Getreidegasse. There are also a few luxury hotels, if you need a full service place to stay.
Hohensalzburg is Salzburgs landmark and the largest, fully-preserved medieval fortress in central Europe. It is located on top of the Festungsberg and overlooks the city of Salzburg. The castle was originally erected by to guarantee the archbishops safety and to serve as a prison. Particularly interesting to visitors today is the impressive gothic interior, the fortress museum and the stately chambers. It’s a must see if you are in Salzburg!
On the 27th January 1756 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in the bright yellow townhouse on Getreidegasse. After his birth, the family spend 17 further years living there. Nowadays Mozarts birthplace (Mozarts Geburtshaus) is a museum spread out over 3 floors. The museum offers interesting facts about the famous composers life and displays mementos such as portraits, original scores and a collection of instruments including young Mozarts mini-violin.
If you can’t get enough of the “Wunderkind” after visiting Mozarts Birthplace, you can also visit Mozarts Residence (Mozart Wohnhaus). The Mozart family moved into this more spacious house on Makartplaz 8 in 1773. Today you can admire a collection of family portraits, documents and Mozarts original fortepiano.
Mirabell Palace and Gardens
The Mirabell Palace was built by Prince-Archbishop Wolf Dietrich in 1606 to impress his mistress. It was remodeled in several different styles over the years ranging from baroque to classicism. Highlight of a visit of the palace include the marbel hall, the grand staircase and the baroque museum.
Located south of the palace are the Mirabell gardens. The landscape design of these exquisite gardens is, as well as most of the palace, baroque. Another palace with incredible gardens worth visiting in Salzburg is Hellbrunn Palace.
Residence Square and Residence
The Residence Square (Residenzplatz) is located in the heart of the old town. Punctuating the square is the stunning Residence fountain which sports dolphins and horses. It was made by an Italian sculptor in 1661 and is considered to be the largest Baroque fountain in the area. Surrounding the fountain are the Salzburg Cathedral, the archbishop residences and townhouses. The square hosts several public events such as the famous Christmas fair.
Located on the western side of the Residence Square is one of the most lavish attractions in Salzburg – the Residence – where archbishops held court before the city was included in the Habsburg Empire. The state rooms are decorated with gorgeous stucco ornaments and frescoes while the gallery focuses on Dutch and Flamish masters including works by Rubens and Rembrandt.
For beer lovers the Stiegl Brauwelt will be a highlight of their trip. At the Brauwelt visitors can learn fascinating facts about beer, the history of Salzburgs oldest privately-owned brewery, see the in-house brewing facilities and sample great beer. From the beer tower you can enjoy the view over the whole facilities and take some pictures. If all of that made you hungry at the end of the tour, guests can visit one of the restaurants and buffets for some local cuisine.
Museums in Salzburg
Whatever your interests may be, surley you’ll find an interesting museum in Salzburg. Besides the ones already mentioned in this list popular museums include:
- Salzburg Museum – about the history of the city
- Museum der Moderne – museum of modern art which is located in the old town as well as on Mönchsberg
- Museum of Natural History and Technology (Haus der Natur) – featuring reptiles, an aquarium,space show and much more
- Toy Museum – features the biggest collection on the history of European toys. It’s something your kids will enjoy.